Magistrat

0
15
magistrat

Magistrat u Zemunu osnovan je 1751. godine, a 1755. Zemun je dobio prvu gradsku kuću. Bila je to prizemna barokna zgrada s mansardom, koja je služila kao magistratska zgrada do 1832, a od tada su u njoj stanovali magistratski činovnici.

Izgorela je u požaru 1867. godine. Od 1823. do 1832. godine pored stare zgrade sagrađena je, po planovima zemunskog graditelja Jozefa Felbera, nova magistratska zgrada u duhu klasicizma. Zidana je od tvrdog materijala, s međuspratnim svodnim baroknim konstrukcijama u prizemlju i arhitravnim na spratu.

Oblikovana je simetrično, s plitkim središnjim rizalitom koji se završava timpanonom. Ima podrum, prizemlje i sprat. Dispozicija prostorija u dvotraktnoj šemi proizašla je iz sastava i sadržaja Magistrata koji je bio podeljen na više službenih odeljenja. Zgrada je 1836. godine, prema planovima koje je potpisao gradski kancelist Кrižanić, proširena dogradnjom na mestu nekadašnje kuće Miloša Uroševića.

Novoizgrađeni deo izmenio je prvobitnu čistotu klasicističke koncepcije i pored toga što su dosledno ponovljeni građevinski i oblikovni elementi starijeg dela zgrade. Zemunski Magistrat bio je smešten u ovoj zgradi do 1871. godine, kada je ona predata na korišćenje Sudu koji je tu boravio dugi niz godina.

Zgrada Magistrata predstavlja najčistiji primerak klasicizma u arhitekturi Starog jezgra Zemuna i materijalno svedočanstvo razvoja zemunske opštinske uprave čiji kontinuitet doseže do 1751. godine.


Cultural monument
Magistrate,
3, Magistrate Square

The magistrate was established in Zemun in 1751 and in 1755 the town got its first Town Hall. It was a ground-floor building with a mansard, and served as Town Hall until 1832, when it was turned into residential quarters for Town Hall employees. It was burnt in 1867. In the period 1823-1832 a new, classicistic Town Hall was built next to the old one, after the design by Zemun architect Jozef Felber.

It was built in solid material, with ceilings in vaulted baroque constructions on the ground floor and architraves on the first floor. It is symmetrical, with low risalto in the middle ending with gables. It has a cellar, ground floor and the first floor. The disposition of the rooms in the two tract scheme was influenced by the composition and contents of the Town Hall divided into several official departments.

In 1836, after the plans signed by the city clerk Križanić the building was extended over the plot where the house of Miloš Urošević used to be. The newly built part changed the original purity of the classic conception although it consistently repeated the architectural and stylistic elements of the older part of the building. The Town Hall of Zemun was located in the new building until 1871, when the house was given over to the court of law, which remained in it for a longer period.

The seat of the Serbian Radical Party has been in the building since 1997. In line with the particular importance of the building for Zemun and in accordance with its original function, it is necessary to maintain the public character of the building and move to it cultural institutions such as the Zemun Library, founded in 1825, and the Zemun Gallery.

The Town Hall building is the purest example of classicism in the architecture of old downtown Zemun and a material proof of the development of the Zemun local authorities since 1751.

Ostavite komentar

Ostavite prvi komentar!

avatar
wpDiscuz